Leonie Sandercock (2004): Commentary: indigenous planning and the burden of colonialism, Planning Theory & Practice, 5:1, 118-124

In New World settlements the world over, in the era of colonialism, settlers usually
occupied space at the expense of existing inhabitants, who were referred to as ‘native’
and regarded as ‘primitive’. While the details of colonial occupations vary from one
country to another, the process of city-building and the clearing of regions for farming
and other extractive industries required an ordering of urban and regional space by a
whole range of spatial technologies of power such as the laws of private property, the
practices of surveying, naming, mapping and the procedures of urban and regional
planning. The effects of these various sorts of legal and/or violent arrangements and
appropriations were the effective dispossession and exclusion of indigenous peoples, the
original inhabitants of these lands.